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10 Things You Didn’t Know About Jimmy John’s

10 Things You Didn’t Know About Jimmy John’s

In the world of sandwich chains, there are a few that are better known than others — Subway, Panera Bread, and Blimpie, to name a few. But for many, Jimmy John’s is king, and we bet that there are some things that you didn’t know about this rapidly growing company.

10 Things You Didn’t Know About Jimmy John’s (Slideshow)

Jimmy John’s was founded in 1983 by Jimmy John Liautaud (Yes, there’s a real Jimmy John). After being given the choice by his father to either join the military or start a business, he accepted a $25,000 loan from his dad and opened a little sandwich shop in a converted garage in Charleston, Illinois. With a rent of $200 per month, he could only afford a refrigerator, a chest freezer, an oven, and a meat slicer (sodas were sold with no ice because he couldn’t afford an ice machine).

The bootstrapping didn’t last for very long, however, largely thanks to Eastern Illinois University’s close proximity, and the decision to start offering delivery service. Business boomed, and in 1985 Jimmy John bought out his father’s interest in the business. He opened a handful of new stores, developed a prototype, and in 1993 the first franchise opened in Eau Claire, Wisconsin. The one hundredth store opened in 2001, and just nine years after that, the thousandth opened. Today, they’re opening about 200 locations per year, and are currently in every state except for Maine, Alaska, and Hawaii.

Jimmy John’s success lies in a couple important factors, namely the high quality of the ingredients used as well as the speed at which their employees can make sandwiches. But there are a few other secrets to the success lurking below the surface, ones that might not be readily apparent. At Jimmy John’s it’s all about efficiency and safety, which means that there are some sandwich toppings that you won’t find behind the counter. There are also a handful of “secret” menu items, and a few other gems hiding up their sleeve. Read on for 10 things you didn’t know about Jimmy John’s.

Founder Jimmy John Liautaud Was at the Bottom of His Class

Liautaud graduated second-to-last in his high school class, and he opened the first location when he was only 19.

Everything is Made Fresh

Bread is baked fresh throughout the day, meat is sliced in the store, produce is cut fresh every morning, and tuna salad is made on-premises as well. If you want day-old bread you can purchase it for just 50 cents, but be warned: it’ll be pretty stale.

Click here for 8 more things you didn't know about Jimmy John's.

Outlander: 10 Things You Didn’t Know About Lord John Grey

As one of the most memorable personas in Diana Gabaldon's Outlander series, Lord John Grey has kept fans wanting more since his very first appearance.

Lord John Grey may not have made his way into Jamie Fraser's heart, but he sure made it into ours. His character is one of the most beautifully complex out of the entire series. Lord John Grey's commitment to Jamie is so great, he's saved his life on several occasions, and went out of his way more than a few times to make his life easier and happier. Even after knowing that his affections could never be returned, he never budged when the opportunity arose to be there for Jamie.

Even towards the one person who could be perceived as standing in his way, Claire, he shows a tremendous amount of respect for. There's much to be unpacked from the character of John Grey based on his appearance on Outlander alone. But even if we look beyond the show, there are more than a few things that make him even more extraordinary. Let's take a look at ten things you didn't know about Lord John Grey.

Fleetwood Mac’s ‘Rumours’: 10 Things You Didn’t Know

“Drama. Dra-ma,” was how Christine McVie described the recording of Rumours to Rolling Stone shortly after its release on February 4th, 1977. And that wasn’t even the half of it. Sessions for Fleetwood Mac‘s masterwork have all the elements of a meticulously scripted theatrical romance &ndash elaborate entanglements, enormous amounts of money and mountains of cocaine.

The Rumours saga is one of rock’s most famous soap operas, but here’s a refresher course on the dramatis personae: Stevie Nicks had just split with her longtime lover and musical partner, Lindsey Buckingham, while Christine was in the midst of divorcing her husband, bassist John McVie. Meanwhile, Mick Fleetwood’s extra-band marriage was on the rocks, leading to an affair with Nicks before the year was out. This inner turmoil surfaced in brutally honest lyrics, transforming the album into a tantalizing he-said-she-said romantic confessional. The musicians’ personal lives permanently fused within the grooves, and all who listened to Rumours become a voyeur to the painful, glamorous mess.


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Drama aside, Rumours is among the finest work the band ever produced. “We refused to let our feelings derail our commitment to the music, no matter how complicated or intertwined they became,” Fleetwood later wrote in his 2014 memoir. “It was hard to do, but no matter what, we played through the hurt.”

Rumours is ultimately an unhappy love story with a happy ending. In the end, the excruciating emotional pressure yielded a diamond of opulent late Seventies rock. The RIAA agreed, later certifying the album as such. To date, the LP has moved more than 45 million copies worldwide, making it one of the highest-selling albums of all time.

In honor of Rumours‘ 40th anniversary, here are 10 little-known stories about its creation.

1. “The Chain” has its basis in an unreleased Christine McVie song.

The second side of Rumours kicks off with Fleetwood Mac’s very own Frankenstein’s monster. Built from a handful of disparate musical fragments, “The Chain” has the distinction of being the only song credited to all five members of the late Seventies lineup. At its core is the Christine McVie composition “Keep Me There” (also known as “Butter Cookie”), a tense, keyboard-driven track that remained incomplete during the early album sessions in February 1976.

“We decided it needed a bridge, so we cut a bridge and edited it into the rest of the song,” Buckingham told Rolling Stone in 1977. They settled on an ominous 10-note bass passage played by John McVie over a slow crescendo of Fleetwood’s drums. “We didn’t get a vocal and left it for a long time in a bunch of pieces. It almost went off the album. Then we listened back and decided we liked the bridge, but didn’t like the rest of the song. So I wrote verses for that bridge, which was originally not in the song and edited those in.”

Working backwards from the bridge, Buckingham used Fleetwood’s kick drum as a simple metronome to keep time. For embroidery, he borrowed a folky guitar figure previously used on his own song “Lola (My Love),” recorded with Nicks for the 1973 pre-Fleetwood Mac album Buckingham Nicks. “The ending was the only thing left from [Christine McVie’s] original track. We ended up calling it ‘The Chain’ because it was a bunch of pieces.”

The lyrics would be the final link. “Originally we had no words to it,” Fleetwood later told Lucky 98 FM radio. “And it really only became a song when Stevie wrote some. She walked in one day and said, ‘I’ve written some words that might be good for that thing you were doing in the studio the other day.’ So it was put together. Lindsey arranged and made a song out of all the bits and pieces that we were putting down onto tape.” The song remains a centerpiece of the band’s live set, an apt metaphor for the ties that bind Fleetwood Mac despite decades of interpersonal turmoil.

2. Stevie Nicks wrote “Dreams” in Sly Stone’s bed.

Sessions at the Record Plant in Sausalito, California could be tedious affairs, with little for Nicks to do. To keep the boredom at bay &ndash and to keep friction with Buckingham to a minimum &ndash she often sought refuge in an unused studio down the hall that had been built for funk renegade Sly Stone. “I would take a electric piano with me, and my crocheting and my journals and my books and my art and I would just stay there until they needed me,” she remembered in the 1997 documentary Classic Albums: Rumours.

By all accounts it was quite an inspiring space, done up in full-tilt Seventies style. “It was a black-and-red room, with a sunken pit in the middle where there was a piano, and a big black-velvet bed with Victorian drapes,” she recalled in Blender. “I sat down on the bed with my keyboard in front of me. I found a drum pattern, switched my little cassette player on and wrote ‘Dreams’ in about 10 minutes.” The simple repeated three-chord riff cast a hypnotic spell over an uncharacteristically dance-y groove.

Aware she had something special on her hands, she returned to Fleetwood Mac’s workshop. “I walked in and handed a cassette of the song to Lindsey,” she told The Daily Mail in 2009. “It was a rough take, just me singing solo and playing piano. Even though he was mad with me at the time, Lindsey played it and then looked up at me and smiled. What was going on between us was sad &ndash we were couples who couldn’t make it through. But, as musicians, we still respected each other.”

The song would be the second single released from Rumours, second to Buckingham’s “Go Your Own Way.” Nicks would call the pair “twin songs,” as they both chronicled the struggle to untangle their toxic romantic partnership from their wildly successful professional one.

“Even though ‘Go Your Own Way’ was a little angry, it was also honest,” Nicks wrote in the liner notes to the Rumours reissue in 2013. “So then I wrote ‘Dreams,’ and because I’m the chiffony chick who believes in fairies and angels, and Lindsey is a hardcore guy, it comes out differently. Lindsey is saying go ahead and date other men and go live your crappy life, and [I’m] singing about the rain washing you clean. We were coming at it from opposite angles, but we were really saying the same exact thing.”

While “Go Your Own Way,” reached a respectable Number 10, it no doubt pleased Nicks when “Dreams” sailed all the way to the top of the Billboard charts. It remains Fleetwood Mac’s only Number One single in the United States.

3. Mick Fleetwood credits his dyslexia for the unusual drumming pattern on “Go Your Own Way.”

While driving into the Record Plant one morning, Buckingham and co-producer Richard Dashut began to discuss how much they admired the syncopated drum fills played by Charlie Watts on the Rolling Stones’ “Street Fighting Man.” Considering the matter further, Buckingham decided that a similar pattern would be well suited for his new song “Go Your Own Way.” He passed the idea on to Fleetwood, who did his best to mimic what he heard, but the result was a disorienting, unsettled beat. Though very different from what Buckingham (and Watts) had played, the unlikely arrangement proved to be but a perfect fit for the track.

“[The] rhythm was a tom-tom structure that Lindsey demoed by hitting Kleenex boxes or something,” Fleetwood said in Classic Albums. “I never quite got to grips with what he wanted, so the end result was my mutated interpretation. It became a major part of the song, a completely back-to-front approach that came, I’m ashamed to say, from capitalizing on my own ineptness.”

Fleetwood believes that his so-called “ineptness” was actually the result of his ongoing struggle with a learning disorder. “Dyslexia has absolutely tempered the way I think about rhythm and the way I’ve played my instrument,” he wrote in his memoir, Play On. “By nature, what we drummers do is manage a series of spinning plates &hellip [but] my methods of keeping my plates spinning are entirely my own. I really had no idea, nor the ability to explain in musical terms, what I was ever doing in a particular song.”

His style baffled other stickmen as well. When Boz Scaggs served as openers on a Fleetwood Mac tour, drummer Jeff Porcaro spent many nights in the wings, attempting to dissect the rhythms on “Go Your Own Way.” Flustered, Porcaro finally approached Fleetwood one night after a show and asked him to reveal his secret. Unfortunately, Fleetwood himself didn’t know exactly how he did it. “It was only after we continued to talk that Jeff realized I wasn’t kidding around,” he said later. “We eventually had a tremendous laugh about it, and when I later told him that I was dyslexic, it finally made sense.”

4. Lindsey Buckingham’s guitar was restrung every 20 minutes during the recording of “Never Going Back Again.”
Tales of Fleetwood Mac’s pursuit of sonic perfection are legendary. The band reportedly required four days, nine pianos and three tuners to find a suitable instrument for Christine McVie, and co-producer Ken Caillat tells Sound on Sound that sessions for “The Chain” were similarly exhausting. “I almost got fired while trying to record it because we spent five days on drum sounds &ndash the band thought we were clueless.”

Caillat also paid extra close attention to Buckingham’s acoustic guitar sound while recording the delicate “Never Going Back Again,” leading to an unusual recording technique. “I noticed that anytime he played, there was a big different in how bright his strings sounded after just 20 minutes,” he told Music Radar in 2012. “So I said, ‘Can we restring your guitar every 20 minutes?’ I wanted to get the best sound on every one of his picking parts.”

The effort took an entire day, and drained the goodwill of several studio techs. “I’m sure the roadies wanted to kill me. Restringing the guitar three times every hour was a bitch. But Lindsey had lots of parts on the song, and each one sounded magnificent.”

The final results were pure perfection, except for one problem. “When Lindsey went to sing, he realized that he played all of his guitar parts in the wrong key. Oh, man! So we recorded everything all over again the next day, dispensing with the changing of guitar strings &ndash we had to lose all of that so we could get Lindsey singing in the right key.”

5. The band used a chair as a percussion instrument on “Second Hand News.”
Buckingham’s album opener began as a Celtic-tinged march provisionally known as “Strummer.” Not wishing to antagonize Nicks any more than was necessary, he kept the song’s pointed lyrics to himself at this early stage, and the track progressed as an instrumental.

“The song itself consists of kind of a Scottish Irish folk influences, and when we first started cutting it, we started doing something that was maybe a literal translation of that, like maybe a march time on snare with brushes,” he recalled in the Classic Albums documentary. “But we were also very interested in keeping the pop element, because it was going to be the first song, and it was a pop album.”

Intrigued by the chugging rhythms found in the Bee Gees’ then-current hit “Jive Talkin” &ndash which in turn were inspired by the sound of the Gibb brothers’ car crossing Miami’s Julia Tuttle Causeway &ndash Buckingham sought to inject a slight disco groove into the song. To achieve the desired percussive effect, he pounded the seat of a Naugahyde chair found in the studio.

“Lindsey was the accent king,” Caillat marveled when speaking to the Grammy Museum in 2012. “He could accent with guitars, he could accent with toms [and] he could accent with Naugahyde chairs.”

6. “Songbird” was recorded live at UC Berkeley’s Zellerbach Auditorium.
Many tracks on Rumours went through an extensive transformation before finding their way onto the finished product, but Christine McVie’s modern hymnal was fully formed from the moment Caillat first heard it at the end of a long recording date. “We were finishing up one of the crazy sessions at Sausalito Record Plant and I was wrapping up some cables,” he recalled at the Grammy Museum. “Christine sat down at the piano and started playing this beautiful song. I stopped what I was doing and I turned around and watched her. I was just amazed at how beautiful this song was.”

Rather than drown the melody with a full-band treatment, Caillat decided to try a stripped-down approach. “Before Rumours, I had recorded an album with Joni Mitchell at the Berkeley Community Theatre,” he told Music Radar. “I thought doing a similar kind of concert recital recording was perfect for ‘Songbird.’ Christine and the whole band loved the idea.”

The Berkeley Community Theatre was unavailable, so Caillat booked the University’s Zellerbach Auditorium for March 3rd, 1976, complete with orchestra shell and a nine-foot Steinway. “As a surprise for Christine, I had requested that a bouquet of roses be placed on her piano with three colored spotlights to illuminate them from above. I really wanted to set the mood!” he wrote in his book, Making Rumours: The Inside Story of the Classic Fleetwood Mac Album. “When Christine arrived, we dimmed the house lights so that all she could see were the flowers and the piano with the spotlight shining down from the heavens. She nearly broke into tears. Then she started to play.”

The session continued until seven o’clock the following morning, with the live performances captured by 15 microphones placed around the auditorium. “It took a long time because I had to do it in one take,” she remembered in Classic Albums. Buckingham’s acoustic guitar playing was also recorded live.

7. “Silver Springs” was left off Rumours due to space limitations.

Fleetwood Mac’s 11th full-length was conceived as a high-potency collection of potential hit songs &ndash a plan that played out exactly as the group had hoped. Radio-friendly in the extreme, all four singles &ndash “Go Your Own Way,” “Dreams,” “Don’t Stop” and “You Make Loving Fun” &ndash reached the American Top 10, and the album’s astronomical sales figures are a testament to Rumours‘ production quality and musical craftsmanship. But the ruthless quality control had an unintended side effect: leaving one of Nicks’ future classics on the cutting-room floor.

“Stevie is so prolific, all of her songs were initially about 14 minutes long,” Caillat says in the documentary Stevie Nicks: Through the Looking Glass. “She would just go on and on and on, and there were stories about her mother and grandmother and meaningful stories about her dog, or whatever. So it was my job to sit with her and cut them down to three or four minutes. And there were tears: ‘You can’t take that line out!'”

One such epic was “Silver Springs,” a reproachful song aimed squarely at her ex. “I wrote ‘Silver Springs’ about Lindsey,” she says in Classic Albums. “We were in Maryland somewhere driving under a freeway sign that said Silver Spring, Maryland. And I loved the name. ‘Silver Springs’ sounded like a pretty fabulous place to me. ‘You could be my silver springs. …’ That’s just a whole symbolic thing of what you could have been to me.”

With vinyl only able to hold approximately 22 minutes per side, edits were a practical necessity. By the time the sessions wrapped in late 1976, Caillat faced a problem of mathematics and aesthetics. “We were in our ninth month of recording by this time, and we were starting to look ahead to what songs we’d have for the album. And we realized we had some long songs like ‘Go Your Own Way,” and some slow songs and medium slow songs. We were concerned that we might have too slow an album. We didn’t want to put the needle down on Side One and have all slow songs. We started putting test running orders together and found we couldn’t make a sequence of all the songs to fit the 22 minutes that didn’t feel too slow.”

So “Silver Springs” fell victim to the communal ax. In an effort to appease Nicks, the band recorded the instrumental track to one of her pre-Fleetwood Mac songs, “I Don’t Want to Know,” without her knowledge. Buckingham finally broke the news when it was time to record the vocals.

“They took me out to the parking lot and said, ‘We’re taking “Silver Springs” off the record because it’s too long,'” Nicks later wrote in the Rumours reissue liner notes. “Needless to say, I didn’t react well to that. Eventually, I said, ‘What song are you going to put on the album instead?’ They said, ‘We recorded “I Don’t Want To Know,”‘ and I think Lindsey thought it would be OK with me because I wrote it. But I wasn’t OK with it. That always put a shadow over “I Don’t Want To Know,” unfortunately &ndash even though I love it and it came out great.”

“Silver Springs” was relegated to the B side of Buckingham’s “Go Your Own Way,” a particularly galling move considering his song made reference to Nicks with less-than-complimentary lines like “shacking up’s all you want to do.” The track remained a relative deep cut until it was included on Fleetwood Mac’s 1997 live album, The Dance. This new version earned the band a Grammy, and earned Nicks some serious gratification.

“You have to realize that ‘Silver Springs’ was so genuinely kicked off the record 20 years ago, and I was so genuinely devastated … because I loved the song,” she told MTV at the time. “So I never thought that ‘Silver Springs’ would ever be performed on stage, [or] would ever be heard of again. My beautiful song just disappeared. So for it to come back around like this has really been, really special to me.”

8. Mick Fleetwood’s balls on the Rumours cover have a backstory.

One of the more peculiar details of Herbert Worthington’s iconic cover photo is the pair of wooden balls dangling from the crotch of Mick Fleetwood’s extremely tight pants. More than a spur-of-the-moment boyish prank, the balls &ndash actually “lavatory chains” &ndash date back to one of the earliest Mac gigs.

“I must admit I had a couple of glasses of English ale &ndash and came out of the toilet with these,” he told Maui Time in 2009. “I was very destructive &ndash I ripped them off the toilet and had them hanging down between my legs.”

While humor played a major role in the unorthodox sartorial choice, Fleetwood felt it was an appropriate nod to his musical lineage. “In truth, I started off as a blues player. The whole ethic of a lot of blues music is slightly suggestive, might I say. And suitably, I walked out on stage with these two lavatory chains with these wooden balls hanging down, and after that it just stuck.”

This was not his only tribute to virility. Fleetwood went through a lengthy period of placing a dildo on top of his bass drum. Dubbed “Harold,” the sex toy became something of a mascot during the pre-Buckingham/Nicks incarnation of the band. “Harold’s showbiz life came to a crashing end at an American Southern Baptist college, where we were very nearly arrested for his performance,” Fleetwood told The Express years later. “Poor Harold was too much for them and, much to my wife’s chagrin, he ended his days on show, sitting on our pine corner cabinet.”

Fleetwood’s balls, meanwhile, had a significantly longer life. They became the drummer’s personal good luck talisman, making an appearance at nearly every Fleetwood Mac performance. Sadly, the original set were lost on the road, but he makes due with a replica. “I won’t say they’re as old as me, but &ndash it starts getting into X-rated commentary here &ndash my balls are quite old.”

9. The band considered thanking their coke dealer on the album credits.
When studying the recording of Rumours, it’s impossible to avoid the topic of rampant cocaine use. Fleetwood famously worked out that if he laid all of the cocaine he had ever snorted into a single line, it was stretch for seven miles. “The tales of excess are true, but we’d all be dead already if we weren’t made of stronger stuff,” he wrote in Play On.

Coke was less of a pleasure and more of a necessity, helping combat fatigue during the grueling multi-hour sessions &ndash and tortuous emotions. “You felt so bad about what was happening that you did a line to cheer yourself up,” Nicks told Mojo in 2012.

Cocaine played such a major role in the production of Rumours that the band seriously considered thanking their drug dealer in the album credits, until gangland violence apparently put a premature end to the idea. “Unfortunately, he got snuffed &ndash executed! &ndash before the thing came out,” Fleetwood wrote in his first memoir, 1990’s Fleetwood: My Life and Adventures in Fleetwood Mac.

10. Annie Leibovitz’s Rolling Stone cover shoot sowed the seeds of Nicks’ affair with Fleetwood.
Fleetwood Mac’s incestuous reputation was played for laughs on their first Rolling Stone cover, which depicted the entire band in bed with one another. “The intention was a spoof on the rumors about our private lives, and yet, symbolically, the picture showed us exactly as we were &ndash all married to each other,” wrote Fleetwood in Play On.

Annie Leibovitz, already a bona fide rock-photography icon, played the role of the conscientious host when the quintet arrived at her studio for the shoot. “I thought I’d be nice and polite, and I brought a bunch of cocaine for everyone,” she remembered. “In those days, for photo shoots, you just brought cocaine. I took it out, and they looked a little freaked out at first, but then consumed it in, like, 30 seconds. Then I learned they’d all recently been to rehab. So they were all a little jittery and tense.”

Nicks doesn’t remember the hard stuff (“I thought it was a case of champagne!”) but does recall the jitters. “When Annie said she wanted us to lie down together on a big bed, it was like, ‘Hmm, hope you have a backup idea.’ But she said, ‘No, you’re going to look great, this will be fun, have a glass of champagne.'” The original concept called for the two ex couples to embrace in flagrante, but this cut a little too close to the bone. “For Stevie and me, the wounds and animosities were still very fresh,” says Buckingham. “So the idea for the photo wasn’t all that funny.”

Nicks ended up putting her foot down. “I said, ‘OK, but I can’t be in bed next to Lindsey.’ So I curl up next to Mick for the next three hours while Annie is suspended over us on a platform. And Christine really didn’t want to be next to John, because they were just divorced.” Instead, the bassist sits by himself, engrossed in a copy of Playboy.

Although they attempted to keep a respectful distance, the session sparked a brief romantic reunion between Nicks and Buckingham. “Afterwards, Lindsey and I got to talking about how amazing it was that not so long ago I was a waitress and he didn’t have a job, and now we were on the cover of Rolling Stone with this huge record. And we lay there for about two hours talking and making out. Finally, Annie had to tell us to leave, because she had rented the room for only so long.”

Perhaps more surprising, the hours Nicks spent snuggling with Fleetwood made a deep impression on them both. Fleetwood later wrote that the shoot caused him to realize that he and Nicks had “definitely known each other in previous lives.” Nicks herself admits that the session “planted the seed for Mick and me, which happened a year later.” The affair began in earnest during a late summer break in the band’s seemingly endless tour that year, just before they traveled to the South Pacific. “Stevie and I used to slip away and go on adventures after gigs, which was an easy way to get away.” Romantic trips to Maui, New Zealand and extended drives through the Hollywood Hills brought them closer together.

The relationship was not to last, but Fleetwood carries something of a torch for his bandmate. “We just love each other in the true sense of the word, which transcends passion. I will take my love for her as a person to my grave, because Stevie Nicks is the kind of woman who inspires that devotion. I have no regrets and nether does she, but we do giggle together sometimes and wonder what might have transpired if we’d given that passion the space and time to blossom into something more.”

10 Things You Definitely Didn't Know About Bill Clinton

He's one of the most recognizable faces on the planet. He ran the free world. His popularity rating is the stuff of envy. And he's reincarnated himself more times than Krishna. So we ought to know everything there is to know about Bill Clinton, right?

Well, here are 10 things you may not know about our 42nd President:

1) He once aced a radio quiz about My Little Pony.

The challenge came from NPR host Peter Sagal. "So you're a former president, you're a Rhodes Scholar, you're famously well informed," said Sagal, "What could we be sure that an accomplished person like you would know nothing about? And then the answer came to us: the TV show 'My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic.'" Then the former President proceeded to own the pony questions, answering all three questions correctly and winning a prize for listener Dave Parks of Chico, California.

2) He knows an astonishing amount about chickens and chicken-farming.

After flubbing a question about chickens and free trade during his Rhodes Scholarship interview, young Bill vowed never to be stumped again by any and all questions about chickens. As he put it in his book My Life, "It never happened again. When I was governor and President, people were amazed at how much I knew about how chickens are raised, processed, and marketed at home and abroad."

3) An ancient Roman villain led him to study the law.

According to David Maraniss's 1995 biography of Clinton, it was Hot Springs High Latin teacher Mrs. Buck who first fired the budding politico's interest in the law. The class put on a rendition of the trial of Catiline, a roguish Roman who planned to sack and set fire to the city. Bill Clinton signed up to defend the quite-guilty Catiline, though he knew in advance he had lost the case before he started. Later he would mention to Mrs. Buck that the experience made him want to study law.

4) He played rugby at Oxford.

During his presidency, he was famous, or rather, infamous, for his itty-bitty running shorts and the peculiar habit of jogging to burn calories, before arriving at a McDonalds to put those same calories right back where they started. But in graduate school, Clinton dabbled in rugby. He reportedly played in Little Rock, Arkansas, as well.

5) Hopalong Cassidy, one of the first TV cowboys, was one of Bill Clinton's boyhood heroes.

He was one of the first TV cowboy heroes, and Bill Clinton was as thrilled by him as other boys of that era were. The President saw Hopalong every time he went to sleep, as his bedspread featured the cowboy. He even dressed up as him and later wrote a preface for a book about Hopalong.

6) He ever-so-briefly worked as a corporate lawyer.

He had been elected Governor of Arkansas at the almost unheard-of age of 32. Then he was unceremoniously dumped by the voters. So what's the youngest ex-governor in America to do? Serve "Of Counsel" to a law firm, of course. Clinton joined the firm of Wright, Lindsey and Jennings, a two-year span between his governorships that seems to have been one of the more miserable professional periods in his life.

7) He prefers briefs over boxers. usually.

To this day the question of why he chose to answer the question remains a debated one among Clintonistas. But he did. When a young woman asked him whether he prefers boxers or briefs, he answered, "Usually briefs." A clearly flummoxed Clinton violated the cardinal political rule: Always answer the question you wish you were asked, not the one you were actually asked.

8) He lined the back of his El Camino with astroturf.

"You don't want to know why, but I did," he winked and told an audience during a stop at a Louisiana truck plant in 1994. Later, though, he backtracked: "It wasn't for what everybody thought it was for," he told radio show host Don Imus. Sure, Bill, we believe you.

9) He eats apples all the way through--core, stem, seeds and all.

It was a habit he picked up in his college days, while trying to emulate his professor Jan Deutsch. As Clinton writes in his autobiography, "[Professor Deutsch] was the only man I'd ever met who ate all of an apple, including the core. He said all the good minerals were there. He was smarter than I was, so I tried it. Once in a while, I still do, with fond memories of Professor Deutsch."

10) He once ad-libbed a speech to Congress.

The TelePrompter was supposed to feature the finished, polished, worked-over-dozens-of-times version of a speech outlining the Clinton administration's approach to health care. It didn't. It had a dated speech, and by the time the President began speaking, he was forced to wing it for seven harrowing minutes of the address. "I thought, well Lord, you're testing me," the President later said. Some observers noted wryly that he seemed to do better while improvising and embellishing than when he was reading the prepared remarks.

2. It was invented under the orders of Napoleon

Well, in a roundabout fashion. In 1870, the French were soundly beaten in a conflict with the Prussians, and looking for answers to why this had happened, came to the conclusion that the poor quality of its soldiers’ rations were affecting their fighting capability.

They then reportedly asked Johnston, who had emigrated to Canada by then, to devise a form of "canned beef" that would supplement the standard fare.

Johnston instead came up with a thick concentrate of salty beef that could be either eaten as a spread on a slice of bread or dissolved in hot water to provide a savoury drink - the product he had earlier created in Edinburgh - and the rest they say, is history.

3. Inventor Johnston was a canny promoter

He organised a stunt for a launch of Bovril at the 1887 Colonial and Continental Exhibition in London by recreating a Montreal Ice Palace in frosted glass to encourage sales of Bovril from the chilly location.

4. The first Bovril adverts appeared in 1889

One employee went on to set up his own advertising agency. The beef drink was his first client.

5. One famous advert showed a picture of the Pope drinking a hot mug of Bovril

Above was the slogan, "The Two Infallible Powers – The Pope and Bovril".

6. It was so popular by the turn of the century that was being sold in more than 3,000 British pubs, grocers and chemists

It was available in South Africa and South America around that time.

7. Bovril was advertised as a potential aid to slimming in the 1980s

Via a campaign fronted by model Jerry Hall, using the slogan "Are you a Bovril body?"

8. Bovril's instant beef stock was launched in 1966

Its "King of Beef" instant flavours for stews, casseroles and gravy came along in 1971.

9. Famous explorer Ernest Shackleton was reportedly a fan

The adventurer was said to have shared a cup of Bovril with Captain Scott on Christmas Day of 1902, near the South Pole, after a chilling four-hour march.

10. Unilever, the company that now produces Bovril, sparked anger six years ago by changing its composition from beef to yeast.

The change was made amid concerns about mad-cow disease and the growing popularity of vegetarianism.

After prolonged criticism that the product had lost its taste, Unilever relented and reintroduced beef extract.

• READ MORE: Scotland, football and Bovril

Bonus facts:

The old North Stand - where the Sandy Jardine Stand is now - at Ibrox Stadium was once called the Bovril Stand because of the large and distinctive advertisement displayed on its roof.

Bovril has appeared in TV shows like Top Gear and Frasier.

SNP MP Mhairi Black said the strangest thing thrown at her during the independence referendum was a Bovril cube. She added they’d gone to the trouble of unwrapping it before throwing it.

She said: “I thought ‘that’s a lot of effort and it’s not even hurting’.”

10 things you (probably) didn't know about Tunnock's

There are several essential things most people in Scotland (and elsewhere) are likely to add to their list of things they'd need to survive on a desert island, but we are guessing that more than a few would have Tunnock's Teacakes or Caramel Wafers written down in the top 5.

Few things made visiting an elderly relative's better than the obligatory offering of some form of Tunnock's treats, be it the luxurious Teacake, the delicious Wafer or on the odd occasion the mildly exotic Snowball.

In fact, most Scots would probably have 'do a Tunnock's factory tour' on their list of 'Scottish things to do before you die'.

It's the one ice breaker guaranteed to bring any Scottish people in a room together: "What's your favourite Tunnock's - the Teacake, the Caramel Wafer, the Caramel Log or the Snowball?"

Almost as iconic as Irn Bru, smoked salmon, haggis or whisky, here are 10 things you (probably) didn't know about one of Scotland's best love confectionery companies:

1. The company was formed by Thomas Tunnock as Tunnock's in 1890, when he purchased a baker's shop in Lorne Place, Uddingston.

Thomas Tunnock with his son Archie. Picture: TSPL

The company grew from these humble beginnings into a successful private baking company before striking it rich with their confectionery line.

In a recent interview with the Telegraph, Boyd Tunnock, Thomas' grandson said: "Between the wars, my father [Archie] was the biggest private caterer in the Glasgow area. I have all his daybooks from 1933 to 1942 – we take them to exhibitions and someone will say, 'Your father did my granny’s wedding,' so we’ll look it up and there it is."

Originally bought for just £80, The company now makes 80 tonnes of caramel each week – 1.5 tonnes an hour.

Caramel is poured out of bubbling cauldron. Picture: TSPL

They buy in around 25 tonnes of coconut a month and around 15 tonnes of cocoa butter each week.

With these ingredients they make between ten and 12 million biscuits and cakes each week, including around 5 million wafers (referenced on the wafer packaging) and 3 million tea cakes.

2. Tunnock's sells in more than 40 countries and is extremely popular in the Middle East

The Tunnock's Boy. Picture: Wikimedia

The Uddingston-based biscuit company ships to more than 40 countries worldwide and is very popular in the Middle East, with Iraq and Kuwait, making up around 20 per cent of its total exports.

The family baker recently revealed that Yemen had taken delivery of 300,000 Caramel Wafers in the last 12 months alone.

Caramel Wafers are also a big hit in Kuwait, where they are known as 'boy biscuits’ after the face of the Tunnock's boy (who has never been named) on the box.

The first products exported by the company were Caramel Logs to Newfoundland, Canada in 1957, while Trinidad loves Caramel Wafers and Wafer Creams and even the Faroe Islands are reported to eat around 125,000 Caramel Wafers a year.

All this success and the company still only has one export sales manager and he apparently doesn’t travel abroad.

3. Boyd Tunnock, inventor of the Teacake has a very special Tunnock's notebook

Boyd Tunnock with staff on the caramel wafers production line. Picture: TSPL

Boyd Tunnock, the inventor of the Teacake, carries a very special notebook in which he has written down all that he needs to know about the family company. The notebook's contents, which includes all the latest sales figures and company statistics, also has the recipes for his signature creations and ideas for future recipes.

Apparently, he even keeps a small circle in the notebook, drawn onto the inside cover, with which he measures the baked biscuit bases for the Teacakes to ensure they are just the right size.

4. The giant Tunnock's Teacakes from the Commonwealth games opening ceremony were put up for auction

The Tunnock's dancers at the Commonwealth Games Opening Ceremony. Picture: TSPL

That's right, you could have bought and owned one of these amazing pieces of memorabilia. We wish we had, just so we could have been as cool as the guy in the bottom right.

The giant Teacakes were sold as exclusive, limited-edition mementos and even came complete with hologram and letter of authenticity.

Tunnock's was such a hit at the Opening Ceremony that Waitrose revealed that in the weeks following the performance sales of Tunnock’s Tea Cakes soared by 62 per cent!

In fact, the company even reported this year that they made a whopping 15 million rise in tea cakes sold since the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games.

5. Tunnock's have featured on T-shirts, been the inspiration for wedding cakes and have even had some of their products miniaturised for doll's houses

The Tea Cake company’s clothing collection includes t-shirts, hooded sweaters and beanie hats.

The Tunnock's T(ea) Shirt with the caramel wafer logo. Picture: Tunnock's

They have also sold cufflinks with caramel wafer logos and a Tunnock’s Rubik’s Cube.

Tunnock's products have even been miniaturised and sold as doll house furniture.

Dolls house maker Sheena Hinks holds her miniature Tea cakes and Irn Bru creations. Picture: TSPL

They have even served as inspiration for a wedding cake, with Mathew Watt, 37, and wife Siobhan, 34, going a bit further than the average couple with their love for the Teacake.

The couple spent £395 on this super-sized chocolate sponge wedding cake, topped with red and silver icing to recreate the famous wrapper.

The Tunnock's themed wedding cake. Picture: TSPL

Mr Watt, an interior designer, told the Scotsman: “On the day, the cake actually got more attention than we did, but that wasn’t a bad thing. We were very happy with it.”

And they are not the only ones to share their love of Tunnock's on their wedding day, the First Minister, Nicola Sturgeon, is said to have commissioned Tunnock's to make her wedding cake.

6. There's been an art exhibition dedicated to the company

Tunnocks exhibition at the Glasgow Print Studio. Assistant Olivia Bliss moves the artworks around. Picture: Robert Perry

In 2010, the Glasgow Print Studio held an art exhibition, Tunnocked, in which artists honoured the humble Teacake as well as its cousins, the Caramel Wafer and the Snowball.

Among the 40 different pieces of art inspired by the delicious products created by Tunnock's, was one Caramel Wafer which had been placed behind glass for emergencies, so essential was it to artist Harry Magee.

7. Tunnock's products have many celebrity fans, including several world famous pop stars

Chris Martin, the Coldplay singer, has said of his favourite treats: "You can’t choose between the Caramel Wafer and the Tea Cake – they’re like Lennon and McCartney, you can’t separate them."

While Howard Donald, of Take That fame, was delighted after fans from Manchester bought him a Tunnock's Teacake birthday cake which was presented to him on stage in Glasgow.

Singer Amy MacDonald even suggested she'd have loved to have been one of the dancers inside a giant Tunnock's at the Commonwealth Games opening ceremony.

8. Alex Salmond once greeted Australian media mogul Rupert Murdoch with a Tunnock's Caramel Wafer and a cup of tea

The First Minister admires a Tunnock's Teacake for a photshoot at the Uddingston factory. Picture: Phil Wilkinson

Alex Salmond apparently offered a Caramel Wafer and a cup of tea to Rupert Murdoch while he was entertaining the boss of News International at Bute House.

Alex Salmond reassured MSPs during the subsequent FMQs when he was questioned about the visit, that there was no fancy stuff involved. “There were no oysters. All you get at Bute House is a cup of tea and a Tunnock's caramel wafer.”

We are sure MrMurdoch was more than happy to accept the offering!

9. Tunnock's once took on the tax man over the classification of their snowballs, and won!

Workers pack Teacakes at the Tunnock's factory.
Picture: Robert Perry

Tunnock's, teamed up with rival Lee's, to challenge a ruling that saw them pay tax on their snowballs, placing them under “standard-rated confectionery”, which classified them as a biscuit.

Judges Anne Scott and Peter Sheppard, from the First-Tier Tax Tribunal, tested a plate of treats including Jaffa cakes, Bakewell tarts and meringues – all classified as cakes for tax purposes – as they made their decision.

Ms Scott then said: “A snowball looks like a cake. It is not out of place on a plate full of cakes. A snowball has the mouth feel of a cake.”She added: “Although by no means everyone considers a snowball to be a cake, we find that these facts mean that a snowball has sufficient characteristics to be characterised as a cake. For all these reasons, the appeals succeed.”

Tunnock’s received a rebate of just over £800k after both companies won their appeals.

10.The company is so successful that Boyd Tunnock is now on the Sunday Times rich list

With a net worth of £75 million pounds - the minimum needed to make the cut in Scotland - Boyd Tunnock is now on the Sunday Times Rich list.

11. Even Squirrels apparently love Tunnock's Teacakes

A squirrel enjoys a Tunnock's Teacake taken from a bin in Glasgow's Kelvingrove park. Picture: Mike McGurk

This cheeky chappy was spotted enjoying a Teacake in Kelvingrove park one afternoon.

10 Things you didn’t know about Col. John Boyd

  1. F-86 Sabre Pilot in Korea
    In 1953, Boyd arrived in Korea as an F-86 Sabre pilot. He had a short tour, participating in only 22 missions instead of 100 missions necessary to complete a tour then. Boyd was never credited with an aerial kill, as he served as a wingman and never firing his gun.
  2. Weapons School Instructor
    Shortly after returning from Korea, he was assigned to the USAF Weapons School as a student, where he graduated at the top of his class. He would be invited to stay on as an instructor and became head of the Academic Section, writing the school’s tactics manual.
  3. OODA Loop
    During his time at the Weapons School, he developed his O.O.D.A. (observe, orient, decide, and act) concept, a development of the inherent decision-making process that every individual performs. Boyd instructed Weapons School pilots that the one who can cycle through their OODA process loop quicker than their opponent during combat would gain the tactical advantage. The OODA Loop enabled pilots to adapt quickly to rapidly changing situations.
  4. Aerial Attack Study
    He also formulated the Aerial Attack Study, which would revolutionize aerial tactics. Part of this theory is that a pilot going into aerial combat should know what his enemy’s position and velocity are. With this information, a pilot can counter what the enemy was capable of doing and gain an advantage by quickly reacting. This study became everything the fighter pilot needed to know to be victorious and is now used for training around the world.
  5. Energy–maneuverability theory
    Boyd, along with civilian mathematician Thomas Christie, developed the E-M Theory. The E-M Theory is a model of an aircraft’s performance. The theory stated, “an aircraft’s energy state and energy rate capabilities are directly related to operational maneuverability and efficiency in terms of energy-maneuverability theory.” Energy-Maneuverability – Mar 1966 Maj. John R. Boyd, USAF. E-M theory became the world standard for the design of fighter aircraft.
  6. “Forty Second Boyd”
    Boyd was an excellent fighter pilot. He was so good that he had a $40 standing offer that he would pay to any pilot that could defeat him in aerial combat in less than 40 seconds. Boyd could start at a disadvantaged position, and in less than 40 seconds, defeat any opposing pilot. He never had to pay anyone the $40.
  7. Orders to Vietnam Cancelled
    Like other Air Force pilots in the mid-1960s, Colonel Boyd would be ordered to Vietnam. However, his orders would be canceled before he deployed and he would be directed to go to Washington D.C. In DC, he was tasked with applying his Energy-maneuverability Theory to a floundering Air Force program, the FX Program. His work saved what would become the F-15 Eagle. Missing being deployed to Vietnam and with the lack of an enemy kill in Korea, Boyd became the most important air-to-air combat strategist with no combat kills.
  8. “Fighter Mafia”
    With Colonel Everest Riccioni and Pierre Sprey, Boyd formed a small advocacy group within Headquarters USAF that dubbed itself the “Fighter Mafia”. Using his E-M Theory, Boyd spurred the USAF to explore a lightweight fighter (LFW) program. This led to the development of the YF-16, which would become the USAF F-16 Fighting Falcon, and the YF-17, which would become the Navy’s F-18 Hornet.
  9. The Marine’s Maneuver Warfare
    Boyd‘s study of historical military strategy, like Napoleon’s use of maneuver to defeat his enemy, led to his theory on Maneuver Warfare. This military strategy advocates attempting to defeat the enemy by incapacitating their decision-making through shock and disruption. Applying this theory, he collaborated with the Marine Corps to create a new tactics manual, which became the Marine model of maneuver warfare.
  10. Desert Storm Planning
    In 1981 after his retirement from the military, Boyd presented a briefing called “Patterns of Conflict” to US Congressman Dick Cheney. Nearly a decade later in 1990, John would be called back by Cheney, who was then Secretary of Defense, to help with the invasion planning of Iraq for Operation Desert Storm. Boyd was very influential for the ultimate left hook design of the plan that led coalition forces to maneuver around and behind the Iraqis.

Despite how important he was to the reform of military tactics for the U.S. and countries around the world, Colonel John Boyd is often referred to as the greatest military strategist in history that no one knows. His work on the development of a lightweight fighter for the U.S. Air Force based on his Energy–maneuverability theory delivered one of the most important fighter aircraft in history, the F-16 Fighting Falcon.

Duotech provides complete nose-to-tail support for the F-16 Fighting Falcon. We provide affordable, effective support alternatives that help our customers avoid scrapping mission-critical equipment like the APG-66 and APG-68 fire control radar, flight control systems, and other essential aircraft electronics.

She’s written three books

In 2009, Harris, who was elected as San Francisco’s district attorney six years earlier, published her first book, Smart on Crime: A Career Prosecutor&aposs Plan to Make Us Safer, which focused on criminal justice reform.

Ahead of the launch of her 2019 presidential campaign, Harris introduced voters to her values in The Truths We Hold: An American Journey, which included a blend of career highlights and personal philosophy. "A patriot is not someone who condones the conduct of our country whatever it does,” she wrote in an excerpt from O. “It is someone who fights every day for the ideals of the country, whatever it takes.”

Also in 2019, she released an illustrated children’s book, Superheroes Are Everywhere, which was geared toward readers aged three to seven. In the book, she wrote about how heroism is more about choice and character than capes. "Heroes stand up for what is right. Who stands up for what is right in your life?" the book poses, while introducing kids to the heroes of Harris&aposs life, per O.

The pair have been together for 23 years and have five children together Poppy Honey Rosie, 15, Daisy Boo Pamela, 14, Petal Blossom Rainbow, 8, Buddy Bear Maurice, 6 and River Rocket born in August last year. True childhood sweethearts.

He does cook in the buff for his wife though and things don't always go to plan. Jamie explained that one Valentine's Day he attempted to cook a meal in the nude: 'I was naked in the kitchen and burnt my penis. It really ruined my evening &mdash and my night.' Poor chap.

“A picture is worth 1,000 words an action is worth 1,000 pictures." — Jhoon Rhee

For decades, we've known Jhoon Rhee as the father of taekwondo in America. Without digging too deep into our memories, most of us could tell you that the master is based in Washington, D.C., and that he's trained elected officials on Capitol Hill for years. Some may also know that Jhoon Rhee was instrumental in the development of martial arts sparring gear back in the 1970s and that in 1983 he was inducted into the Black Belt Hall of Fame as Man of the Year. In martial arts circles, he's as famous as anyone can be.

Ironically, few people — in America or his native South Korea — know much about Jhoon Rhee other than the aforementioned points. To remedy that, I wrote this article. It presents 10 fun and fascinating facts about taekwondo's best-known practitioner.


In 1964, Rhee met Bruce Lee at Ed Parker's International Karate Championship in Long Beach, California. The two became friends and frequently discussed the martial arts, and Rhee wound up teaching a few taekwondo kicks to Bruce Lee. A number of people vehemently deny that, and if you're one of them, consider the following:

Bruce Lee's early demonstrations centered on hand techniques that utilized speed and power. His prowess in the physical pursuits stemmed from his experience as a dancer, boxer and wing chun practitioner — none of which was oriented toward kicking. When Lee rose to fame as a kung fu actor, it was well after his collaboration with Rhee had begun.

Now take a look at a Jhoon Rhee side kick — any photo from one of his early taekwondo books or articles will do. Compare that to film footage of Bruce Lee doing a side kick. The techniques are nearly identical. Jhoon Rhee is also credited with teaching Muhammad Ali the “accu-punch," a fact that Ali stood behind. The accu-punch is described as a blow that's done instantly when no thought is given to it. It's launched as soon as an opponent presents an opening. Ali said he used the punch in 1975 to knock out U.K. heavyweight champ Richard Dunn in one minute 30 seconds. Pretty cool — but wait a minute. Rhee credits Bruce Lee with having taught him more effective hand techniques that didn't telegraph one's intent. So maybe it's more accurate to say Lee taught the punch to Ali through Rhee.


In the 1973 Raymond Chow flick When Taekwondo Strikes, Jhoon Rhee had a role. The setting was one he was all too familiar with: the Japanese occupation of Korea. Rhee demo'd his taekwondo skills on the big screen while portraying a leader of the resistance. He looked forward to more opportunities in showbiz, but Bruce Lee passed away around the time the movie hit the theaters. That, coupled with the amount of time Rhee was required to be away from his family and his martial arts schools, left a sour taste in his mouth. It ended up being his first and last film.

The karate/kobudo master teamed up with Black Belt magazine to make Fumio Demura Karate Weapons: Complete Video Course. Merging Demura's classic DVDs with new new kata footage, the program streams lessons on the nunchaku, bo, kama, sai, tonfa and eku bo to your digital device. Details here!


When Jhoon Rhee began teaching the martial arts while studying engineering in Texas in the late 1950s, he advertised his program as karate. Occasionally, he'd use the name tang soo do to denote the style of karate he taught. Using the word “karate" was a wise move because Americans were familiar with it. Virtually no one had heard of taekwondo.

In 1960, Gen. Choi Hong-hi paid a visit to the Texas-based Jhoon Rhee Karate Club. Choi, the founder of the oh do kwan, one of the original five kwan that emerged after Japanese colonial rule, encouraged Rhee to use the new Korean term. Calling it “taekwondo" evoked a sense of freedom and independence, as well as respect for the Korean homeland. Rhee agreed. The road wasn't an easy one to follow, but Rhee proved he was more than up to the challenge. His decision to go with the new name made him the United States' first taekwondo instructor.


Jhoon Rhee possessed a reverse punch and roundhouse kick that were second to none. He could bust boards with either technique. Combine that taekwondo prowess with his strength, balance and flexibility, and you can see that he was an exemplary athlete. However, it wasn't always that way. When he was a child, no one thought he'd amount to much physically. “I was the smallest, weakest, most uncoordinated kid in school," Rhee says. “When I was 6, a 5-year-old girl beat me up. When we ran track, I was always last. No one expected me to succeed in athletics."

These are a few of the books Jhoon Rhee has written.


Once Jhoon Rhee concluded his studies in Texas, he moved to Washington, D.C. “When I came to Washington in 1962, I wrote many letters to ambassadors telling them to pay attention to their children's education," he says. “I told them, 'If your children come to my school, I guarantee they will make A's and B's.' Some asked, 'How can you do that?' I said, 'If they don't, they won't make black belt.' They immediately began enrolling their kids.

“After a few years, they saw the results. As the various ambassadors' tenure expired, they had to return to their homelands. Many asked me to share my instructors and teach them in their countries. I didn't have enough instructors to go around, so I introduced them to my classmates from the 1940s, several of whom traveled to their countries to teach. These instructors would then introduce taekwondo to neighboring countries. The training of ambassadors' family members would happen again and again as they came and went from Washington."

The result: More than 179 countries now have access to taekwondo instruction, which is why it was accepted into the Olympics.

Jhoon Rhee and Ronald Reagan in 1981.


Jhoon Rhee has taught more than 350 U.S. senators and representatives. Rep. Bob Livingston (R-Louisiana), Rep. Jesse Jackson Jr. (D-Illinois) and Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D-New York) are just a few of those who've made it to black belt. Other notable students include former Vice President Joe Biden, Rep. Duncan Hunter (R-California) and former Speaker Newt Gingrich (R-Georgia).

How did Rhee manage to corral so many Congress critters? First, his home base is D.C., a community to which he's remained committed for years. Second, he endeavors to bring trust, loyalty and honesty to all his relationships. Third, he espouses a philosophy that holds that taking action makes good things happen.


For years, Jhoon Rhee and his students have performed taekwondo routines to The Star Spangled Banner and God Bless America. He calls it martial ballet. The martial arts component represents Eastern culture to the West, and the music symbolizes Western culture to the East. The result is a marriage of East and West designed to promote peace and freedom for all.

“America has really helped Korea, and I am so grateful for this," Rhee says. “More than 34,000 young people sacrificed their lives for a country they never heard of and people they never met — it's hard to imagine. Then the Americans helped rebuild Korea's economy into what it is today." Rhee is repulsed when modern Koreans talk negatively about the United States or shout things like “Yankee, go home!"

He recalls a time not too long ago when he reminded Koreans of the generosity of Americans: “During Korea's last two administrations, there were communists occupying the president's office. People in the administrations were carefully trying to influence everybody to be anti-American. Five years ago, I went there to give a speech to 300 masters. I said: 'I heard America is really unpopular now. I want to see how many of you think America is bad.' Fifty percent raised their hands. I continued my speech, and after I got through with them, I said, 'If I got you a green card and a one-way ticket, how many of you would come to the U.S. and live?' One hundred percent raised their hands."

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On April 10, 2007, Jhoon Rhee addressed an assembly of world leaders at the United Nations and gave one of the most moving speeches of all time. Its title was “Mending Our Troubled World With Martial Arts Philosophy of Action." He spoke about the need for a vision, arguing that vision is the source of inspiration for reconstructing society.

He recalled an answer Helen Keller gave when she was asked what could be more difficult than living without sight. The blind woman said, “Sight without vision." Rhee also spoke about education.

He outlined his golden rules of teaching: Lead by example and never fail to correct students' mistakes with a smile — not until they learn but until they develop a habit or skill. He also explained his famous seven qualities of a champion, which apply as much to business and personal relationships as they do to the martial arts: patience, speed, timing, power, balance, flexibility and good posture.


On January 9, 1991, Jhoon Rhee began 11 days of seminars in Moscow. He taught for 18 hours a day, obviously with little rest or free time. On the final day, he sat down with 87 martial artists and conducted a 15-hour question-and-answer session. (Rhee answered every question presented to him, including the old standby: Which came first, the chicken or the egg? He said, “The egg, of course.") By the end of the event, the attendees were so inspired that they all changed the names of their schools to Jhoon Rhee Taekwondo.


Jhoon Rhee's good deeds have garnered him glowing praise from none other than former President George H.W. Bush: “I've known Master Rhee as a leader, a great volunteer and an expert [at taekwondo] since the '60s. I was elected to Congress at the end of 1966, and it was shortly thereafter that I met him. Master Rhee was teaching a bunch of congressmen, and he did a great job at it. We call him 'Master Rhee' because he is at the top of his field here. He brought this marvelous martial art to the United States of America. He's taught members of Congress [and] has helped children on a volunteer basis and otherwise, too. It's a great discipline, good exercise. He's done a lot for our country."

Floyd Burk is a San Diego-based 10th-degree black belt with more than 40 years of experience in the martial arts.

Watch the video: 10 Things You Didnt Know About CitizenKane (January 2022).